It is quite common to imagine what the future will be like and to make conjectures of what we can expect in a few decades (who knows, finally, flying cars or hoverboards?). Today, we already have several emerging technologies that will be improved in the coming years and that by 2050 should become immensely popular.
If we have already had so many significant changes in the last 35 years, it is at least exciting to idealize the news until 2050 – although some perspectives are also somewhat sinister as well. Numerous experts have made predictions of this imminent future based on current technology and have a few hunches, see some below:
1 – The Rise of Solar Energy
Solar energy has been around for a long time, but it’s not as popular. Fortunately, the average cost of solar panels has dropped significantly over the years. For example, in the United States one panel per watt cost about $ 75 in 1972, which is only a few dollars today.
According to research by the International Energy Agency (IEA), it is expected that by 2050 solar panels will be able to generate 27% of the world’s total energy, thus becoming our main source of energy on the planet (a source of electricity that is also considered fairly clean).
2 – A trillion sensors connected to the internet
We have already talked a lot about the internet of things here at TecMundo. For it to become reality, it is necessary that the internet is much more present in our lives than today.
As the cost of sensors has declined and demand for them has increased, it is envisaged that by 2025 more than 1 trillion sensors will be connected to the Internet.
The Internet of Things has great potential to change our lives, and only time will tell if those projections will really be true.
In fact, experts predict that 10% of the world’s population will be wearing clothes with built-in chips that connect to the internet by 2022.
3 – The first car made in 3D printing will go into production
The demand for 3D printers has grown a lot since the release of the first versions of these devices. For example, in 2014, more than 130,000 3D printers were sold worldwide, an increase of almost 70% over 2013 numbers (which is expected to increase further in 2015).
As 3D printers become more powerful and cheaper, new applications emerge for these devices. Some companies are already using the technology to create automotive prototypes by printing specific parts of vehicles.
Audi recently unveiled a miniature car created by its metal 3D printers. Local Motors has already said it will manufacture a complete, full-size car only through 3D printing in the next few years – several prototypes have already been created.
4 – Implantable phones will come true
Being constantly connected may acquire a completely different meaning in 2025. According to experts, it is likely that in the next ten years the first implantable cell phone will be commercially available on a large scale.
The device (which will basically consist of a more robust chip) will be able to monitor various data from the individual, allowing the user to communicate through brainwaves or verbal signals.
There are already some devices currently implantable, such as pacemakers, but the chip in question will bring many other possibilities, since you can connect to the internet.
5 – Almost the whole planet will be connected
Individuals in developing countries are first contacting the network via smartphones and tablets – not computers. Currently, approximately 40% of the world’s population has access to the web.
Companies like Google and Facebook have various projects to connect populations of remote parts of the world (such as drones that distribute the Internet in Africa) with the intention that they also create their own digital identities.
It is estimated that more than 90% of the world’s population will have a smartphone by 2025, allowing quick and easy access to the network, and 97.5% connecting in 2050 (which will be more than eight billion people).
6 – A universal translator
Imagine if we could travel to other countries and communicate with the local population even without knowing the language of the region? According to The Economist newspaper, the automatic translators we see Star Trek have everything to come true.
In the future, you will be allowed to communicate with people who do not speak the same language when using equipment similar to a pair of glasses or an app on the phone.
As people speak in the foreign language, translations will be done simultaneously (in the case of glasses, it will be as if we were watching movie subtitles).
Inventor William Powell has already prototyped such equipment, enabling speakers of English and Spanish to communicate in real time. Up to 2050 such technologies are expected to be improved, bug-free, and enable greater worldwide communication.
7 – Artificial organs could end the rows of transplants
According to US statistics, one in 18 individuals dies in the country waiting in line for an organ transplant – a reality that also occurs in other proportions in several countries. There are already technologies to extend the life of these patients, but nothing actually replaces an organ.
In approximately 35 years, it is envisaged that laboratories will create more permanent solutions for people anxiously waiting in these queues.
It will not be necessary to wait for someone to die for you to receive a new organ, since they will be manufactured in the laboratories themselves. There are already cases of totally artificial bladders that have been transplanted into patients, and today they are well and without side effects.
Other organs, such as hearts, are already on the way. What is most impressive is that 3D printer technology can also go into this, because scientists can use a patient’s stem cells to create a precise, specific organ for them.
This process involves the growth of stem cells in the laboratory after removing them from the patient to then use them in 3D printing and create the new body part – technology called bioprinting.
8 – Popularization of autonomous cars
Car makers are already planning to launch autonomous cars capable of parking alone in the next decade, according to the Milken Institute.
Researchers say the vast majority of autonomous cars will not have any human-made command by 2035. The vehicles they drive will be safer and can eliminate the risks of accidents due to human error, which exceed the 90% mark.
In addition, stand-alone cars will also help avoid congestion and traffic jams in large cities.
According to current US estimates, these models can prevent more than 30,000 deaths per year, which is a pretty significant number.
Self-propelled cars have grown considerably in the market and more than 60% of Americans already say they fully rely on such automobiles.